Unser Fall: Esmail Abdi (Iran)

Zur Person:

Esmail Abdi (اسماعیل عبدی), auch Ismail Abdi geschrieben, wurde am 19. Juli 1974 geboren. Er ist verheiratet und Vater von drei Kindern. Er hat Mathematik studiert (Bachelor) und arbeitete über zwanzig Jahre als Mathematik-Lehrer an einer öffentlichen Schule in der Provinz Teheran.

Seit 2006 ist er ein aktives Mitglied der Iranischen Lehrer-Gewerkschaft ITTA, dabei von 2013 bis 2016 Generalsekretär des Verbandes in Teheran. Unter seiner Führung wurden weitere Sektionen der Gewerkschaft im Iran initiiert. 2016 wurde er mit den meisten Stimmen in den Vorstand der Gewerkschaft wiedergewählt.

Die Lage:

Der Gewerkschafter Ismail Abdi verbüßt seit Juni 2015 eine sechsjährige Freiheitsstrafe im Teheraner Evin-Gefängnis. Er wurde erstmals am 27. Juni 2015 von den Revolutionsgarden festgenommen und 40 Tage lang ohne Zugang zu seinem Anwalt in Einzelhaft gehalten. Man wollte ihn dazu bringen, seine Gewerkschaftstätigkeit aufzugeben und die landesweit geplanten Lehrer_innen-Demonstrationen abzusagen.

Im Februar 2016 verurteilte ihn die Abteilung 15 des Revolutionsgerichts in einem unfairen Verfahren zu sechs Jahren Gefängnis. Nach einem Hungerstreik kam er am 14. Mai 2016 vorübergehend gegen Kaution frei, doch nachdem das Urteil gegen ihn bestätigt wurde, erfolgte am 9. November 2016 die erneute Festnahme. Die Anklagen beziehen sich allein auf seine friedlichen Gewerkschaftsaktivitäten. Zweimal ersuchte er den Obersten Gerichtshof erfolglos um die erneute gerichtliche Überprüfung seines Falls.

Die Geschichte des politischen Gefangenen:

Mr. Abdi was invited by the Education International (EI) to attend the EI’s 7th World Congress which was going to take place in Ottawa, Canada from July 21 to 26th, 2015. He was travelling to Armenia in order to obtain visa for Canada; however, his passport and other documents were confiscated at the border and he was told that he had to return to Tehran and report to the public prosecutor’s office at Evin prison about his situation including the fact that border agencies had received an order from Tehran according to which he was banned from leaving the country. Mr. Abdi appeared before the prosecutor office in the Evin prison on Saturday, June 27th, 2015 accompanied by over 70 teachers. However, he was arrested and incarcerated while his colleagues were waiting for him outside the prison.

Arrest Records:

  •  One day arrest on March 14, 2007 in front of the Ministry of Education for a protest rally
  •  One day arrest on September 17, 2007 by the agents of the intelligence ministry for participating in the meeting of the Coordinating Council of the Iranian Teachers Trade Associations (CCITTA)
  •  2008 –December 31, one day arrest on December 31, 2008 by Security Police in front of Parliament for a meeting between Iranian Teachers Trade Associations and representatives of the minority wing in the parliament.
  •  2010 May 19-arrested by Ministry of Intelligence, issuance of conviction by the judge in Branch 1, Islamshahr. Searching his house and confiscating his laptop, computer, diary, and confinement in Evin prison-ward 209. He spent 34 days in solitary confinement and 11 days with general populations. Finally he was released on a bail of 500 Million Toman, Iranian currency.
  •  In 2010, Revolutionary Court presided by Judge Pir Abbasi, issued a decree according to the articles 500 and 505 of the constitution and he was given a 10 year suspended sentence.
  •  On 27 June, 2015, Abdi was arrested by Sara Allah Camp and spent 40 days in solidary confinement and 10 months in Evin prison Wards 7 and 8.

Esmail Abdi, coinciding with the May Day 2016 and the week of teachers in Iran, along with another imprisoned labour activist, Jafar Azimzadeh, initiated an indefinite hunger strike in Evin Prison.  After 16 days, and following an extensive support from teachers and social and labour activists in Iran and internationally, he was released on bail of 300 Million Tomans. However, on November 9, 2016, Abdi was arrested again at his home. The two stage court of Appeal confirmed the six year prison term against Esmail Abdi and thus he was transferred to Evin prison. He is currently serving his unjust six year prison term in ward 8 of Evin prison. His most recent furlough request has been denied.

Education International welcomes the release of jailed Iranian teacher unionist Esmail Abdi on 17 March.

Tehran teacher union leader Esmail Abdi was released from Evin prison in Tehran on 17 March. Abdi had been in prison on this occasion since 20 January 2018, having been returned to Evin prison after being released on furlough on 9 January 2018 due to ill health.

2. Dezember 2020